Green Pastures products

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Sep 15 - There has been some controversy recently about these products. For more information, see our overview here.

Weston Price only used small doses of cod liver oil (about 3/4 of a teaspoon), and not all the time. So we recommend you don't exceed the following doses:

Children - ¼ tsp or 2 caps
Adults - ½ tsp or 5 caps
During the first 6 months of pregnancy, or while breastfeeding - 3/4 tsp or 7-8 caps

If you feel like you don't want any on a given day - this is your body telling you NOT to take it.


Fermented cod and skate liver oils and High Vitamin butter oil are some of the
best natural sources of Vitamins A, D and K.

Comment from the Weston A Price Foundation on taking Cod liver oil during pregnancy: "IMPORTANT WARNING: Cod liver oil contains substantial levels of omega-3 EPA, which can cause numerous health problems, such as hemorrhaging during the birth process, if not balanced by arachidonic acid (ARA), an omega-6 fatty acid found in liver, egg yolks and meat fats.  Please do not add cod liver oil to a diet that is deficient in these important animal foods. It is important to follow our diet for pregnant mothers in its entirety, not just selected parts of it."

For other info: Storage ~ RDAs vs IUs ~ Why the taste changes ~ How to take

The Green Pastures range
(Click on the links to jump straight to a specific product, or keep scrolling down for more general product information)

Cod liver oil:
Capsules or plain and flavoured liquids

Skate liver oil:
Capsules or Spicy Orange liquid

Butter oil:
Liquid or capsules

a blend of 2/3 cod liver oil and 1/3 butter oil

Sample bottles of most products

Green Pastures coconut oil and coconut ghee:
- see the coconut products page



Dave Wetzel from Green Pastures says:

"Refrigerate or not to refrigerate, that is the question.
Fermented clo products: The oil is very stable.
In my opinion many can store OPENED jars either way.
If you use the fclo regularly (within a few months)
you can opt to leave in a cupboard after opening.
We do not overly process the oils so some lots
tend to become thicker as the storage temps get colder.
I have seen some really cold refrigerators make a fclo almost Gel."

 To convert %DV/RDA to IU's

To convert the RDA of vitamin A and vitamin D on the bottle to IU,
you need to know the standard established by the FDA.
Use these to calculate the IUs of any product.

100% DV/RDA for vitamin A is 5000 IU per day
100% DV/RDA for Vitamin D is 400 IU per day

Why does my oil taste different from previous bottles?

Dave Wetzel says: "The artesian process to make the FCLO provides a wide range of nutrients, colors, flavors, odors and textures. Most already understand the true benefit of FCLO and find ways to work with the variability in the products attributes. It is understood that nature changes the end product most notably by way of what the fish eats. We think we finally have the answer to the variability of odors in the different lots of FCLO. It looks to be the variability in an amine called Tyramine. This amine is most famous for causing the varability in different odors to strong cheeses."

From wikipedia: Tyramine (4-Hydroxyphenethylamine; para-Tyramine; Mydrial, Uteramin) is a naturally-occurringmonoamine compound and trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine occurs widely in plants and animals and is metabolized by the enzyme monoamine oxidase. In foods, it is often produced by the decarboxylation of tyrosine during fermentation or decay. Foods containing considerable amounts of tyramine include meats that are potentially spoiled or pickled, aged, smoked, fermented, or marinated (some fish, poultry, and beef); most pork (except cured ham); chocolate; alcoholic beverages; and fermented foods, such as most cheeses (except ricotta, cottage cheese, cream cheese, Neufchatel cheese), sour cream, yogurt, shrimp paste, soy sauce, soy bean condiments, teriyaki sauce, tofu, tempeh, miso soup, sauerkraut; broad (fava) beans, green bean pods, Italian flat (Romano) beans, Chinese (snow) pea pods, avocados, bananas, pineapple, eggplants, figs, red plums, raspberries, peanuts, Brazil nuts, coconuts, processed meat, yeast, and an array of cacti.


How to take it

Click here for a variety of different ideas on how to take it.




Coconut Oil Infused with Cod, Skate and Butter oils.

Introducing Green Pasture's new line of ALL-IN-ONE Blue Ice Infused Coconut oil. Exciting, Kid-Friendly new way to take all your nutritional oils in one easy, convenient, tasty product. Cost effective, pleasant taste & odour, ease of digestion & absorption.

Each 1/2 Tbs serving has:

  • 65% min coconut oil
  • +/- 2ml of Blue Ice Fermented Cod Liver Oil
  • +/- 0.5ml of X-Factor Gold High Vitamin Butter oil and / or Blue Ice Skate Liver Oil.


Fermented Cod Liver Oil (capsules)

The Blue Ice™ Fermented Cod Liver Oil takes us back in time, to when cod liver oil was truly a sacred food. The fish are wild caught in the Arctic region. Blue Ice™ Fermented Cod Liver Oil is lacto-fermented and extracted without heat. The oil is batch processed and independently tested to international purity standards.

The amount of each nutrient varies from batch to batch. Typical nutrients in this traditional food include:

  • Vitamin A (approx 35-37%DV per 2 caps)
  • Vitamin D (approx 90-107%DV per 2 caps)
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • EPA
  • DHA
  • Quinones

Ingredients: Fermented Cod Liver Oil, unbleached beeswax (thickener). Capsules: Plant cellulose







Fermented Cod Liver Oil (liquid)

The non-capsulated oils are suitable if you can't take capsules, want a more cost effective option, or feel you get more benefit from a liquid.

Most modern cod liver oils have been deodorised, so have a comparatively mild flavour. Green Pastures™ Fermented CLO is the real thing, and has a stronger taste. (The good news is you do get used to it.) Some people find that the lactic acid content makes the back of the throat tingle. It is helpful to have a mouthful of something fatty afterwards, like butter oil, butter, yoghurt or Reilly’s nut butter, to ease the tingle. (We have tested some ways of taking the oils, and will include a range of suggestions with your first order.)

2ml liquid gives:

  • Vitamin A (approx 70-75%DV)
  • Vitamin D (approx 190-215%DV)

Plain: Flavour & Anti-oxidant free. The most versatile flavour. Ideal for the person with food sensitivities who requires a completely additive free product.

Ingredients: Fermented cod liver oil

Oslo Orange: This has a mild orange flavour and slides down quite easily.

Ingredients: Fermented cod liver oil, orange and lemon oils

Cinnamon Tingle: This is proving very popular with people who like cinnamon.

Ingredients: Fermented cod liver oil, organic cinnamon oil and organic stevia leaf.



Fermented Skate Liver Oil capsules

Green Pasture's Blue Ice Fermented Skate Liver Oil is your best choice for cartilage fish oil. Skate liver oil is abundant in vitamins A, D, E, K and the full range of Omega fatty acids. It also has unique nutrients that may help joint function and repair.

Ingredients: Fermented Skate Liver Oil, antioxidant (cranberry seed oil) and thickener (unbleached beeswax)
Capsules: Plant cellulose

Typical nutrients in this traditional food include:

  • Vitamin A (approx 18%DV per 2 caps)
  • Vitamin D (approx 99%DV per 2 caps)
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • EPA
  • DHA
  • Quinones
  • Chondroitin
  • Squalene
  • Alkoxyglycerols.

Note that Skate Liver Oil typically has a higher ratio of Vit D to Vit A than Cod Liver Oil.



Fermented Skate Liver Oil liquid

Available in orange flavoured liquid. This oil is a milder flavour than the cod, and some children who won't take the CLO liquid will take this one.

Ingredients: Fermented Skate Liver Oil, organic lemon oil, organic orange oil, organic clove oil, antioxidant (cranberry seed oil)

2ml liquid gives:

  • Vitamin A (approx 36%DV)
  • Vitamin D (approx 210%DV)



X-Factor GOLD High Vitamin Butter Oil

Weston Price found that the benefits of cod liver oil were enhanced by using butter oil as well. This High-Vitamin Butter Oil is extracted from dairy milk produced by cows that graze exclusively on irrigated grass of the Northern Great Plains. The combination of climate and irrigation produces a rapidly growingspecialized forage ensuring optimal levels of Activator X.

Casein and lactose free!

The natural grain-free way with which the cows are cared for, combined with the unique extraction process ensures this oil is rich in:

  • CLA
  • Butyric acid
  • Stearic acid
  • Caproic acid
  • Caprylic/capric acid
  • Myristic acid
  • Lauric acid
  • Oleic acid
  • Palmitic acid
  • Wulzen Factor (the "anti-stiffness" factor)
  • Activator X
  • and Trace vitamins and minerals.

Dave Wetzel advises that Skate Liver Oil contains the same X-Factor that the High Vitamin Butter Oil contains. Most people who react to other dairy can take the butter oil, but the skate gives you an alternative..



Blue Ice Royal

Dr. Weston A. Price discovered the extreme synergistic effect between High Vitamin Butter Oil and traditional cod liver oil. "One without the other did not do his patients justice, but the two together worked like magic".

Blue Ice™ Royal offers a nutrient dense sacred food blend of 1/3 X-Factor Gold™ High Vitamin Butter Oil and 2/3 Blue Ice™ Fermented Cod Liver Oil.

The combination of these attributes provides us with a pure, clean and nutrient rich food.

2 caps give approximately:

  • Vitamin A - 35-37%DV
  • Vitamin D - 90%DV

1/2 tsp gel gives approximately:

  • Vitamin A - 60%DV
  • Vitamin D - 150-177%DV

The plain is a caramel butter flavour. The chocolate cream has a mildly chocolate flavour. The cinnamon is well, cinnamon flavoured, really.

Ingredients (capsules): Fermented cod liver oil, high vitamin butter oil, unbleached bees wax (as thickener). Capsules are made from plant cellulose.

Ingredients (gel): Fermented cod liver oil, high vitamin butter oil, silica.

Ingredients (gel, Chocolate flavour): Fermented cod liver oil, high vitamin butter oil, organic cocoa powder, organic vanilla flavour, organic stevia leaf, silica.

Ingredients (gel, Cinnamon Tingle): Fermented cod liver oil, high vitamin butter oil, organic cinnamon oil, organic stevia leaf, silica.




20ml sample bottles/jars (8-10 serves)

Combined limit of 3 bottles per order

See above for ingredients.

Fermented cod liver oil $8:

  • Plain liquid
  • Oslo Orange
  • Cinnamon Tingle

Fermented skate liver oil $8:

  • Spicy Orange liquid

Royal $10:

  • Plain
  • Chocolate Cream
  • Cinnamon Tingle





Contact Info

Cod Liver &
Butter Oils


Natural Vitamins Activator X Traditional Unrefined Real Food Supplement Energising Foods NZ

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